Yan Zhengzai understood that the way to get the best out of a student was to foster and ignite the student’s own interests. Subscribe to our weekly email for more! It would provide the best educational environment for her young son. Confucius’ mother, Yan Zhengzai, who became one of the famous people from ancient China for the influence she had on Confucius (pictured above) when he was young, was not only his first mentor, but she also played a key role in his childhood education. The two women were on the empty streets of Wuhan for three hours. Whenever a ritual was taking place, Yan Zhengzai always encouraged her son to observe the ceremony. Offers HK$10M Bounty, This Canadian YouTuber Made the Best Lightsaber, Ancient Zircon Minerals From Mars Reveal Its Elusive Internal Structure, General George Washington and the Cruel Winter at Valley Forge (Part 1), How This Chinese Skincare Tool Became Popular in America, Copyright Policy and Infringement Notification. His philosophy was aimed at benefiting not only a few selected groups, but all the people of the empire he was a part of. At age 19 he married Qiguan (亓官), and a year later the couple had their first child, their son Kong Li (孔鯉). Her life story relates how the greatest educator and philosopher in ancient China emerged. In earlier times, it was customary to have a portrait in his temples but during the reign of Hongwu Emperor of the Ming dynasty it was decided that the only portrait of Confucius should be displayed in the temple in his home town, Qufu in Shandong. Confucius was perhaps the greatest philosopher and educator in the late Spring and Autumn periods of ancient China. (Image: Kevin Spencer via Wikipedia/CC BY 2.0). Confucius was an ancient Chinese teacher, politician, and philosopher. The Life and Works of the Philosopher Plato, 427-347 B.C. We also have a special talent for China stories — read About Us to find out why. Kong died when Confucius was three years old, and Confucius was raised by his mother Yan Zhengzai (顏徵在) in poverty. According to Chinese tradition, his ancestors had migrated from the Song state to the Lu state and Confucius was a descendant of the Shang dynasty Kings. This was not possible without dismantling the fortifications of the city-strongholds belonging to the three aristocratic families. Yan Zhengzai taught not only Chinese language, but arithmetic, chanting, rituals, and ceremony. However, he eventually became the “Minister of Crime” in Lu state. They were commoners, and life was difficult. If “Records of the Historian” is to be believed, he had around 3,000 followers and approximately 72 of his students were able to have a command on the “six arts” that were mastered by Confucius. Pictured above: The Fou (缻) is an ancient Chinese percussion instrument that later became a standard instrument in Confucian ritual ensembles. Yan Zhengzai also made her young son, Confucius, learn various Zhou rites in order to assist the monarch in ruling the country. It was in 501 B.C or when he was in his late 40s that he stepped into politics and was appointed the governor of a town in Lu state. He believed that each person should maintain the decorum of their position - for instance, a father should behave like a responsible person and not move away from his duties. In the process, he had made powerful enemies within the state. At that time a class structure was prevalent in ancient China. At that time this was considered to be a minor position. He emphasized that if a ruler ruled correctly then others will follow the proper actions of their ruler. Subscribe to our weekly email for more! Confucius wanted to return the authority of the state to the duke and establish a centralized government. He studied music with Chang Hong and Lute with Xiang. Kong He (孔紇), (622 BC–548 BC) also known as Shuliang He (叔梁紇), was the father of Confucius and an officer in the Lu state military. One of her daughters is thought to have died early in her life as a child. Yan Zhengzai also made her son learn various Zhou rites in order to assist the monarch in ruling the country. Please follow the link we've just sent you to activate the subscription. The post What Role Did the Mother of Confucius, Yan Zhengzai, Play? His mother, Yan Zhengzai, who became one of the famous people from ancient China for the influence she had on Confucius when he was young, was not only his first mentor, but she also played a key role in his childhood education. Like this article? He stayed in exile for approximately 12 years. His father Shu Lianghe was a gentleman, and his mother is Yan Zhengzai. Her life story relates how the greatest educator and philosopher in ancient China emerged. Famous Role Models You Would Like To Meet.