While impatiens grow well under pine trees, they may have a harder time growing under walnut trees. The species is so prolific near Liverpool that it is known there as “Mersey weed”. Place the planted pots around the base of the tree. Himalayan balsam (also known as Indian balsam) was introduced here in 1839 as a greenhouse and warm garden plant and, within a few decades, had escaped into the wild. Professor Rotherham’s work, presented to environmental managers some years ago but not to a wider audience, quotes some examples of people who assisted the invader. A now archaic variant form valsam derived from Greek βάλσαμο (válsamo). Fat stands of it clog small streams in places such as Somerset, and mass on the banks of rivers and woods from Cornwall to Scotland, with Norfolk, the Isle of Wight, New Forest, Hampshire, County Durham, Yorkshire, west Cumbria, Lancashire and North and South Wales especially troubled by it. Plant impatiens in flower pots if you don't want to dig around the roots of the pine tree. N.C. Seeds may inadvertently be spread as the capsules burst open, spreading the seed a distance from the plant. From Old Polish balsam or balszam, from Latin balsamum, from Ancient Greek βάλσαμον (bálsamon, “balsam”). All parts of the plant are edible, and the seed pods, according to Richard Mabey’s authoritative Flora Britannica, have “a pleasant nutty taste”. The plant uses this compound as a defense against grazing, which is why deer only ingest young seedlings or newest shoot tips. The plant is found growing in mountain slopes, glaciated uplands as well as on alluvial flats, peat lands, swamps, forests and wetland margins. The Himalayan balsam grows up to 10ft (3m) tall and has colonised large areas beside rivers and woods throughout Britain, smothering any indigenous plants. [1], Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary, sweet-smelling oil or resin derived from some plants, a sweet-smelling oil or resin derived from various plants, a low-viscosity topical preparation intended for application to skin, (clarification of this definition is needed), eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=balsam&oldid=60158697, English terms inherited from Middle English, English terms derived from Middle English, English terms derived from Semitic languages, Entries using missing taxonomic name (genus), Requests for review of Old Norse translations, Requests for clarification of definitions in Romanian entries, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019) , “. They open as the male stage, the anthers fall off in a few days and the same flower becomes female and receptive to pollination. (chiefly Britain) A sweet-smelling oil or resin derived from various plants. Balsam definition: Balsam is a sweet-smelling oil that is obtained from certain trees or bushes and used to... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Pronunciation enPR: bôlʹsəm, IPA : /ˈbɔːlsəm/ Noun . Large quantities when eaten raw, accumulate calcium oxalate. But, with its pink orchid-like flowers, it is also attractive to many people. There was a Miss Welch who, in 1948, collected seeds from Sheffield and took them to the Isle of Wight, where she sprinkled them beside a river near Newport; a Mrs Norris of Camberley in Surrey, who spread them to local waste areas and woods, gave them to passers-by, sent seeds to Ireland and even took them on holiday to France and Spain; plus people who, in recent decades, have carried the species from Norfolk to Newcastle, Aberdeenshire to Leicestershire, Hertfordshire to Essex and Bedfordshire, and Sheffield to the Peak District.