The Sun was the beginning and the end of the world, and the moon was his sister and wife at the same time. Copyright @ Turiya Infotainment Private Limited. Ancient History Encyclopedia. The local farmers in the empire worked on the land but they were allowed to keep only one portion of the produce with the remaining two portions being used to support the Inca government and religious leaders. As the Europeans began to expand their Empires and trade routes they found a "New World" as they explored the Americas. Related Content Symbole de cette réussite, la capitale Cuzco se couvre de palais et de temples somptueux. La résistance se maintint quelques années dans les montagnes autour d’un nouvel inca, Manco Capac II, mais sera réduite par les revers militaires et la petite vérole et d’autres maladies importées par les Espagnols qui firent des ravages parmi la population. Les peuples conquis furent obligés d’adopter leur mode de vie et leur langue, le quechua, langue toujours très répandue dans les Andes. Qullqas were built along roads and near the cities and political centers. ISBN: 978-1-68380-030-9 Creative Commons Licensing This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. This left Theybelieved in omens and dreams. 0 All adult men in the empire were required to perform mandatory public service known as Mita. 3) Nous vous accueillons dès votre arrivée sur place. With Learnodo he hopes to break the barriers of the education system and reach out to a limitless audience in a simple and cost effective way. Le réseau routier des incas œuvrant 20000 kilomètres, permettait aux années et aux messagers de se rendre rapidement dans toutes les régions de l’Empire. Other historians have researched the lineage and believe that Tarco Huaman and Inca Urco should also be taken into account. In some areas, mankind did not exceed the standard of living provided in rudimentary communities, in others, since early times, they developed complex and advanced lifestyles in societies divided into classes, with an effective state apparatus to support them. We use our own and third party cookies to improve your experience and our services; and to analyze your use of our website. Nous contacter : redaction[arobase]histoire-pour-tous.fr, Aztèques et Incas : Grandeur et décadence de deux empires fabuleux, Empire byzantin - Histoire de l'Empire romain d'orient, Francisco Pizarro et la capture de l'Inca Atahualpa, L'Inca et le Conquistador (musée du quai Branly), Grandes invasions barbares et chute de l'Empire romain. A Decrease font size. A Increase font size. Since there were no wheeled vehicles, the rope bridges worked beautifully for foot traffic. The power of the father was decisive in Inca society, particularly in the plateaus, so much so that they always chose husbands for their daughters without their knowledge. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Les Incas pensaient que leur capitale, Cuzco, était le centre de la Terre. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Inca_Civilization/. However, Cuzco only became a significant centre sometime at the beginning of the Late Intermediate Period (1000-1400 CE). As the early settlers of this vast empire ignored had no knowledge of writing, there are no documents that show the origin of the Incas’ power with any authenticity. 0000092165 00000 n It extended... Sarah Parcak: Hunting for Peru's lost civilizations -- with satellites, The rise and fall of the Inca Empire - Gordon McEwan. The bridges were destroyed and rebuilt annually by local villages to maintain their strength and reliability. Dominated by the sacred gold-covered and emerald-studded Coricancha complex (or Temple of the Sun), its greatest buildings were credited to Pachacuti. The Inca road system was essential for the political cohesion of their empire and for the redistribution of goods within it. This really helped me last-minute with my ancient civilization work, thank you.