In this cause, the “brethren” referred to by John went forth to labor. The first person plural here is inclusive – the author refers to himself, Gaius, and all genuine Christians, all of whom should become coworkers in cooperation with the truth by supporting the efforts of the traveling missionaries (such people) in their efforts to resist and counteract the teaching of the secessionist opponents. Generally, one finds a wealth of detailed commentary, background, and some critical and exegetical notes. (5) in these circumstances, Gaius, as an individual, and against the action of the church, received and hospitably entertained these strangers, and aided them in the prosecution of their work. Some of the effort is so general it is of little help except to those looking for sketchy treatment. He also wrote critical commentaries on Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, Thessalonians and Philemon. Whatever was the cause, the case furnishes an illustration of the bad influence of one ambitious and arrogant man in a church. (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. The later issues are by far the most desirable, as the author has considerably revised the work in the fourth edition. He has been identified with Demetrius, the silversmith of Ephesus and the leader of the opposition to Paul (Acts 19:21 ff.). (2) that there were certain persons known to the writer of the Epistle, and who either lived where he did, or who had been commended to him by others who proposed to travel to the place where Gaius lived. Many would see it as a reference to Gaius’ orthodox christological stand in light of the controversy with the secessionist opponents and their false christology. And we may well believe that the "Peace be to you" of the aged Elder indeed brought calm to the troubled church to which he wrote. I have many things to write to you; but I do not wish to write to you with ink and pen. Compare Revelation 2:1, Revelation 2:8, Revelation 2:12, Revelation 2:18; Revelation 3:1, Revelation 3:7, Revelation 3:14. The end of the Third catholic Epistle of St John. I have no greater joy than to hear that my children walk in truth. Since the verb ejpidevcomai (epidecomai) can mean “show hospitality to”848 it has been suggested that the author himself attempted a previous visit to Diotrephes’ church but was turned away. Oh, let my love be such to Thee, The idea seems to have been that the church was entirely independent, and might receive or reject any whom it pleased, though they were commended to them by an apostle. No news brings me greater joy than to hear that my children are walking in the truth. Probably no man since Gill’s days has at all equalled him in the matter of Rabbinical learning. It means simply, “who loves to be first” - meaning that he loved to be at the head of all things, to rule, to lord it over others. have ὑπολαμβανειν, to take up, undertake for, or kindly receive. What exactly Diotrephes is we cannot tell. Wherefore, if I come - He was evidently expecting soon to make a visit to Gaius, and to the church, 3 John 1:14. If Gaius were one of these it would have been much more natural to use a second-person pronoun: “Diotrephes, who loves to be first among you (uJmw'n, Jumwn)”. In his writings he has shown thorough research, a comprehensive review of pertinent literature, and, more importantly, a penetrating discernment of the precise meaning of the scriptural text. VI. The meaning of the author’s exhortation “Do not imitate what is bad, but what is good” in v. 11. (Meyer, F B: Our Daily Homily). In every Christian land, and among the people of every Christian denomination, missionaries of the gospel should find friends who will be willing to cooperate with them in advancing the common cause, and who, though they may bear a different name, and may speak a different language, should cheerfully lend their aid in spreading the common Christianity. There is no joy in a family like that when children are converted; there is no news that comes from abroad that diffuses so much happiness through the domestic circle as the intelligence that a child is truly converted to the Saviour. See the notes at 2 John 1:4. In his letter to Gaius, John included hopes for good health of body and soul, an encouraging word about Gaius’s faithfulness, and a note about his love for the church. If he was an officer in the church - a pastor, a ruling elder, a deacon, a vestry-man, a warden, or a private individual - we have no means of ascertaining. The men and women Our Lord sends out on His enterprises are the ordinary human stuff, plus dominating devotion to Himself wrought by the Holy Ghost. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading 1-3 John (Baker Exegetical Commentary on … Contains good illustrative material. Inns were notoriously dirty and flea-infested. The work dates back to 1897 and is verse by verse, consisting of 2,292 pp.