(a)the experiment has been made by millions before them, and has always failed; and they can hope to find in sin only what has always been found - disappointment, mortification, and despair. The fact that the Christian chooses values polar opposite to theirs’ blows apart their assumptions about life. The sense here is, therefore, that the series of calamities referred to were to commence with the church, or were to come first upon the people of God. (Wiersbe, W: Bible Exposition Commentary. The subject is almost surely believers, for the syntax of the text indicates that those who arm themselves are to be equated with those who suffer. The rest of his time in the flesh - The remainder of the time that he is to continue in the flesh; that is, that he is to live on the earth. Are there any idols in your life that you need to discard, even burning them (literally or figuratively - cf King Asa - 2 Chr 15:8), like when one burns a bridge so that there can be no return. The believer is faced with two possibilities—sin or suffering. We fight a victory already won (Romans 6:6–11, esp. Another interpretation relates this preaching to that of 1Pe 3:19 (note) "in which also He went and made proclamation to the spirits now in prison.". "Eric Liddell not only made a record for speed in the 400-meter class; he made a record of God's work in a man's heart, and a testimony to faithfulness. Jesus suffered for us. In other words, the Christian should voluntarily accept the potential of death as a part of the Christian life (cf. (2) the same thing is true of the wicked - of all who are living for the world. 2:22, 24; 4:1, 8). That life did not satisfy us. (NICNT), Some argue that Peter has in mind only the inevitable transfer (seen here as a suffering death) from a sinful to a saved state that takes place at conversion (or baptism), as can be seen in Paul (cf. The idea of grudging, in the common sense of that word - that is, of doing it unwillingly, or regretting the expense, and considering it as ill-bestowed, or as not producing an equivalent of any kind - is not exactly the idea here. Purpose is better translated "mind" (He 4:12-note) and indicates an attitude, viewpoint or resolve that expresses itself in determined action. How should we understand this? It was not uncommon nor unnatural for the apostles, in writing to those who were suffering persecution, to refer to those who had been removed by death, and to make their condition and example an argument for fidelity and perseverance. The present tense pictures the old pagan friends continuing to be astonished at the radical change of direction of behavior in those who used to be their companions in riotous, raucous sins. He may soon die - and at whatever period of life anyone may be who is living in sin, we may say to him that he has already wasted enough of life; he has thrown away enough of probation in a fruitless attempt to find happiness where it can never be found. Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal body so that you obey its evil desires." He is constantly looking on their way, and though it may be often in mist and darkness, yet the Lord knoweth it. Then the expression is used in the sense of wicked, impious, since what is unlawful is impious and wrong. I initially attempted to place the various interpretations into one of the categories but found it confusing as some commentators or pastors "combined" interpretations. (2Cor 5:14, 15). There is nothing in this word referring to eating, or to banqueting, as the term is now commonly employed. 19 Never take your own revenge (present tense) , beloved, but leave room (aorist imperative - Do this now!) Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Compare the notes at Romans 12:7-8.As of the ability which God giveth - In regard to property, talent, strength, influence, etc. The power of sin has been broken. 2 Cor 10:4 for the weapons (hoplon) of our warfare are not of the flesh, but divinely powerful for the destruction of fortresses. (Amplified Bible - Lockman), KJV: Wherein they think it strange that ye run not with them to the same excess of riot, speaking evil of you, NET: So they are astonished when you do not rush with them into the same flood of wickedness, and they vilify you. 5:21; Heb. Acts 17:31 (note) because He has fixed a day in which He will judge the world in righteousness through a Man whom He has appointed, having furnished proof to all men by raising Him from the dead. In sum, the picture here is of a large crowd running together in a mad, wild race—a melee pursuing sin. &c.] The apostle having finished his digression concerning Christ's preaching in the ministry of Noah, to men whose spirits were now in prison, and concerning the salvation of Noah's family in the ark, by water, and concerning its antitype, baptism, its nature and effect, returns to the sufferings of Christ he had before made mention of; and argues from thence to holiness of life, and patience in sufferings, after this manner; seeing then Christ, the eternal Son of God, the Lord of glory, the holy and Just One, suffered such indignities, reproaches, and persecutions from men, the wrath of God, the curses of the law, and death itself; and that not for himself, nor for angels, but for men, and those not all men, otherwise his death, with respect to some, must be in vain; but for a particular number of men, in distinction from others, described in the beginning of this epistle, as elect, according to the foreknowledge of God; and these sufferings he endured in the room and stead of those persons, in the days of his flesh, while here on earth, and in his human nature, both soul and body, and was crucified through the weakness of his flesh, and for the sins of our flesh, and which he bore in his own: arm yourselves likewise with the same mind; that was in Christ; as he suffered for you, do ye likewise suffer for him, in his cause, for righteousness sake, for the sake of him and his Gospel; and bear all reproaches, afflictions, and persecutions on his account, willingly and cheerfully, with meekness and patience, as he did, and with the same view; not indeed to make satisfaction for sin, which was his principal design, but that being dead unto sin, you might live unto righteousness.